"[12] The two M1895 guns were transferred to Lt. John Parker's Gatling Gun Detachment, who used them in the siege of Santiago.[13]. Had the war progressed into 1919 the Marlin would have been the primary U.S. tank and aircraft gun. The Colt M1895 machine gun became known as the "Potato Digger" because of the operating arm under the barrel that would swing down with every shot. The earliest prototype developed by Browning in early 1889 was a .44 caliber black powder cartridge rifle, weighing under 12 pounds. Based on a John Browning and Matthew S. Browning design dating to 1889, it was the first successful gas-operated machine gun to enter service. The M1895 was the first machine gun adopted by the United States military, and it saw service with the Army (who never formally adopted it), and the US Navy/US Marines, and was adapted to use in many roles. The M1895 in 6mm Lee was also utilized by American Naval and Marine forces during the Philippine–American War, and the Boxer Rebellion, where it proved to be accurate and reliable. [1] [2] I just came across 4 colt working models, one of the 1895 potato digger, one of Baby Browning machine gun, one of automatic colt model 1914 cannon, and colt machine gun. Originally adopted by the Austro-Hungarian Army all throughout World War I, the M95 was retained post-war by both the Austrian and Hungarian armies. As Col. Roosevelt noted, "These Colt automatic guns were not, on the whole, very successful...they proved more delicate than the Gatlings, and very readily got out of order. Like the Navy Marlins, these variants used a linear gas piston in place of the 'potato digger' arm and bore little outward physical resemblance to the basic "digger" design. It would be one of the first true fully automatic guns ever invented and the first true machine gun to be adopted by the US Army and US Navy. [2] During testing of the gun, it was found to be capable of firing extended bursts of over 1,000 rounds before the barrel overheated and bullets began to tumble out of control; upon stopping, the red-hot barrel cooked off four or five additional shots before cooling down. It was found that when the gun … In 1914, an emplaced "digger" of one of these private militias fired extensively into a miner camp in Ludlow, Colorado, an event later termed the Ludlow Massacre. In .303 British caliber, the M1895/14 saw service in England and France. It was mounted on tripods, horse-drawn carriages, boats, aircraft, and even armored cars. His first machine gun design. A few of these guns fell into the hands of private militias staffed by mine company guards after the state discontinued funding of most of the guard units assigned to maintain order during a prolonged miners' strike. Most Marlin M1917 and M1918 guns saw use in aircraft as defensive armament. M1895 CB (Potato Digger) – ★★★★ Machine Gun. Colt 1895 machine gun .30-40 Krag. It was a success and the Navy ordered fifty of the guns from Colt. The M1917/1918 also equipped Thomas Morse Scout aircraft used for advanced training at stateside bases. Based on a John Moses Browning design dating to 1889, it was one of the first successful gas operated machine guns to enter service. John Browning's first machine gun design. The primary improvement was the use of a detachable barrel, a more generous side plate cut-out and a sliding door on the right side plate opening (also made larger) for easier access. It was mounted on tripods, horse-drawn carriages, boats, aircraft, and even armored cars. As gunners gained experience with operating an air-cooled machine gun, it became apparent that avoiding long continuous periods of fire materially added to the weapon's reliability and barrel life. The Colt–Browning M1895, nicknamed "potato digger" because of its unusual operating mechanism, is an air-cooled, belt-fed, gas-operated machine gun that fires from a closed bolt with a cyclic rate of 450 rounds per minute. The M1895 was also sold in 7×57mm Mauser caliber for use by various countries in South America.[3]. Polish soldiers with the M1895/14 during the Battle of Warsaw. The M1895 is the first machine gun adopted by the United States military, and it saw service with the Army (who never formally adopted it), and the US Navy/US Marines, and was adapted to use in many roles. The Colt-Browning M1895, nicknamed potato digger due to its unusual operating mechanism, is an air cooled, belt fed, gas operated machine gun that fires from a closed bolt with a cyclic rate of 450 rounds per minute. The Gatling Gun • The Maxim Gun • M1895 Colt–Browning “Potato Digger” • Hotchkiss M1909 Benét–Mercié • Hotchkiss M1914 Heavy Machine Gun • Chauchat • Colt-Vickers M1915 • Browning M1917 Machine Gun • M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR) Some of these rifles also saw use in World War II, mainly by second line, reservist and partisan in some European countrie… It was mounted on tripods, horse-drawn carriages, boats, aircraft, and even armored cars. Both the M1895 and the Mosin-Nagant rifle have an identical bore diameter, a commonality that was of benefit to the USSR, as some machine tooling could be … Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, M1909 Benet-Mercie (Hotchkiss) machine-rifle, http://world.guns.ru/machine/usa/colt-browning-m195-e.html, http://funarg.nfshost.com/r2/notes/browning-patents.html, http://browningmgs.com/Images_1919A4/Brownings.htm, "Hidden in Plain Sight: Colt Automatics at Santiago", http://www.rememuseum.org.uk/arms/machguns/armmg1.htm#124, Profile of M1895 usage in Spanish-American War, Marlin M1917 version of the M1895, in World War I service, Video of M1895 machine gun firing demonstration, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/M1895_Colt-Browning_machine_gun?oldid=3817045. Weapons similar to or like M1895 Colt–Browning machine gun. Based on a John Browning design dating to 1889, it was the first successful gas-operated machine gun to enter service. A privately purchased M1895 also provided the main armament of an armored car of the Baldwin-Felts Detective Agency used to terrorize miners' camps during the strike, which the miners called the Death Special. [7], The M1895 was made for export as well; the Russians ordered several thousand M1895 machine guns in 1914 in 7.62×54R caliber for use in World War I. It was mounted on tripods, horse-drawn carriages, boats, aircraft, and even armored cars. Original Item: Only One Available. The gun was originally chambered in 6mm Lee Navy and later, after the adoption of the Krag–Jørgensen rifle, in .30-40 Krag, 7×57mm Mauser caliber (the same cartridge used in the Spanish Model 1893 Mauser), and .30-06 Springfield in 1914. While the United States used the M1895 for training, it was considered obsolete by the time the United States entered the war, and saw no service. Ordnance Dept, Herbert Treadwell Wade (1919). As many as four were mounted on each Italian torpedo boat. Joseph H. Alexander, Don Horan, Norman C. Stahl (1999). It was mounted on tripods, horse drawn carriages, boats, aircraft, and even armored cars. The Colt-Browning M1895, nicknamed potato digger due to its unusual operating mechanism, is an air-cooled, belt-fed, gas-operated machine gun that fires from a closed bolt with a cyclic rate of 450 rounds per minute. It was mounted on tripods, horse-drawn carriages, boats, aircraft, and even armored cars. Air-cooled, belt-fed, gas-operated machine gun that fires from a closed bolt with a cyclic rate of 450 rounds per minute. Winston Churchill, then a young Lieutenant in the South African Light Horse and a war correspondent, was impressed by the effect of the fire of a whole battery of these gun. The US Navy also deployed some 6mm Lee M1895 guns from ship armories during the 1914 Vera Cruz fighting and occupation. [6], The gun was originally chambered in 6mm Lee Navy and later, after the adoption of the Krag-Jorgensen rifle, in .30-40 Krag, 7×57mm Mauser caliber (the same cartridge used in the Spanish Model 1893 Mauser), and .30-06 Springfield in 1914. [15][16] Use of the 7mm M1895 in the Mexican Revolution has been photographically documented, including the use of the gun by what appears to be a Villista. Operation was via a rear-hinged lever located under the barrel, which operated the action when swung downwards and rearwards. Based on a John Browning design dating to 1889, it was the first successful gas-operated machine gun to enter service. It was nicknamed “The Potato Digger” due to the bottom mounted operating lever, which would swing violently back and forth during shooting and literally dig a hole in the ground when deployed in a low position. The Italian navy also used the Colts (and later Marlin production guns) for their navy. The lever was actuated by the muzzle blast operating upon it. These guns saw significant combat but were soon replaced by Vickers machine guns. Though combat reports of action stoppages were not uncommon, most of these could be overcome by manually cycling the action. Roosevelt's Rough Riders, a dismounted volunteer cavalry regiment that fought in Cuba, also deployed two M1895 Colt machine guns in 7x57mm Mauser caliber (built for export, both guns were privately purchased for the Rough Riders by family members of the troops[11]), but although they did cause some Spanish casualties were reportedly somewhat unreliable. In .303 British caliber, the M1895/14 saw service in England and France. The M1895 is the first machine gun adopted by the United States military, and it saw service with the Army (who never formally adopted it), and the US Navy/US Marines, and was adapted to use in many roles. Click here to read the full article. These guns, along with small quantities of Maxim and Vickers guns, were issued to various units for evaluation purposes. The M1895 was also sold in 7×57mm Mauser caliber for use by various countries in South America. However, the low rate of fire combined with a heavy barrel also allowed the gun to be air-cooled, resulting in a simpler, lighter, and more portable machine gun compared to water-cooled designs. The M1895 is the first machine gun adopted by the United States military, and it saw service with the Army (who never formally adopted it), and the US Navy/US Marines, and was adapted to use in many roles. Bulgaria was also a rather prominent user of the rifle, and used it starting from 1903 in large numbers; after Austria-Hungary's defeat in World War I, many of the Austro-Hungarian rifles were given to other Balkan states as war reparations. The US Navy was the first to begin testing, as early as 1893, with a version chambered in the Navy's 6mm cartridge. While developed after the now-infamous Maxim gun, the John Browning-designed Colt-Browning M1895 machine gun has the distinction of being the first truly automatic weapon adopted by the U.S. military and the first to be used in combat by American forces. The M1895 saw extensive service with the United States during the The weapon was intended to replace the various foreign weapons and the outdated Browning M1895 machine guns that remained in US inventory. This required that the gun be unloaded immediately after an extended burst of firing. There is also one other booklet with patterns on one of the other guns in this lot. The M1895 was the first machine gun adopted by the United States military, and it saw service with the Army (who never formally adopted it), and the US Navy/US Marines, and was adapted to use in many roles. 1914 patent chambered in .306 caliber. The M1895 uses a unique operating mechanism, which is quite similar to that of a lever-action rifle. The French also tested the Colt and some were used in early aircraft for testing. Filed for patent in 1892, the M1895's operating mechanism was one of Browning's early patents for automatic rifles he had previously been working on lever action rifles for Winchester such as the Winchester 1886. The lever was moved back, and power was supplied by a gas port about six inches (15 cm) back from the muzzle. Additional Colt guns were sent to the Russians, who used them extensively. The 12-inch coastal defense gun M1895 (305 mm) and its variants the M1888 and M1900 were large coastal artillery pieces installed to defend major American seaports between 1895 and 1945. At the outset of World War II, M1917 and M1918 Marlins were also sent to Britain for use by the Home Guard, but were never used in combat. Many of these guns were also used in the Polish–Soviet War of 1920. Another improvement was the use of aluminum fins as a heat radiator. The Colt's unusual method of operation had both advantages and disadvantages compared to competing machine gun designs of the day. From out of this mix came the Steyr Mannlicher M1895 rifle. The Colt–Browning M1895, nicknamed "potato digger" because of its unusual operating mechanism, is an air-cooled, belt-fed, gas-operated machine gun that fires from a closed bolt with a cyclic rate of 450 rounds per minute. The 1914 version also included a lower tripod for firing prone; this is likely what led to the gun's nickname of "potato digger", as the operating lever would dig into the ground if it were fired from too low a position. Gun Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. Type Machine gun Canadian mounted troops successfully used .303 M1895 guns in the Second Boer War (1899–1902). Demonstrated for the U.S. Navy in January 1896 by John Browning personally. The guns were widely used in action during the German invasion of Belgium between 10 May and 28 May 1940. The new and improved M1895/14 was released in 1914 after the outbreak of WWI, in 1917 gun manufacturer Marlin was given a contract to produce the M1895/17 which became known as the "Marlin Gun" it was redesigned by Carl Gustave Swebillus to be used on tanks and aircraft, their improved design, impeccable reliability, and lighter weight made them the gun of choice for allied aircraft and … Colt Browning M1895/14 Machine Gun in 7mm Mauser caliber, possibly used in the Mexican Revolution. There were mostly later "Marlin" variants, and few appear to have reached troops. [1][2][3], Filed for patent in 1892, the M1895's operating mechanism was one of Browning's early patents for automatic rifles;[4][5] he had previously been working on lever action rifles for Winchester such as the Winchester 1886. The M1895 held origins in an 1889 Browning patent. Select from a wide range of models, decals, meshes, plugins, or audio that help bring your imagination into reality. Intended to be used as a heavy machine gun … With gear, she effectively has a 45 round mag, although shots after her "normal" ammo capacity decrease her acc while upping her FP.