The rational choice theory of criminology says that people make logical choices about under what circumstances to commit crime. A behavior is rational, according to these theorist, if it meets three characteristics. As the years went on Bacteria original idea tot Choice Theory developed into something greater and more advanced in its description. Rational choice is a prominent theoretical model in many fields of research, though many criminologists continue to doubt its applicability as a general theory of crime. The rational theory of crime advances the argument that first and foremost, man is a rational being. For example, suppose many people begin to conserve more energy, lowering thermostats and driving less. Rational Choice Theory is closely related and it actually evolved out of SET. According to them, social change occurs because individuals have made rational choices. The actors are rational in the sense that, given a set of values and beliefs, they calculate the relative costs and benefits of alternative actions and, from these calculations, make a choice that maximizes their expected utility. This theory is also known as rational action theory meaning the framework for understanding and often formally modeling social and economic behavior. Rational choice theory was inspired in the 1700’s by a man name Cesare Beccaria, whose utilitarian views and ideas were accepted throughout Europe and the United States. Consequently in making a decision, he will reason out the options available to him, examine the end and the means to be used to attain that end. The basic premise of rational choice theory is that aggregate social behavior results from the behavior of individual actors, each of whom is making their individual decisions. So the really fundamental word in rational choice theory is, not surprisingly, rational. Since Rational Choice Theory is a general theory of action, benefits and costs are not limited to financial or other economic factors, but may also imply psychological or social benefits and costs. Rational choice theory (RCT) likely finds its modern home in an article written by the Nobel-Prize-winning economist Gary Becker (1968). Rational choice theories explain social behavior via the aggregated actions of rational or purposive actors. In summation, the rational choice theory and deterrence theory have had a powerful impact on modern crime prevention strategies. Some sociologists use rational choice theory to explain social change. Much of this skepticism can be attributed to the over-simplification of the model, and the methodologies utilized when testing it in research. For example, Özdemir, et al. They argue that repressive and/or neurotic behaviors are actually rational in that they can distract an individual from highly stressful or upsetting life events. By implication, crime can be prevented or displaced by convincing potential criminals that the risks of violating the law exceed the benefits. (2018) have developed a conceptualization of the Rational-Choice Theory of Neurosis. And Rational Choice Theory says that people make decisions based on what makes sense to them. Rational choice theory, also known as theory of rational choice, choice theory or rational action theory, is a framework for understanding and often formally modeling social and economic behavior. The pros and cons of an action are calculated and a decision is made for or against the action. According to one article ‘Rational Choice Theory, Crime Control Policy, and Criminological Relevance” states it IS matured into a more comprehensive perspective that ultimately appreciates the complexity of the nature of criminal behavior. 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