In other words, as long as the density of matter remains at or above a certain value (1-3 ×10-26 kg of matter per m³), the Universe will eventually contract. , the universe began to cross transition temperatures. It is always like that. It is like that now . Methinks NOT. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. At this time, all matter was compacted into a very small ball with infinite density and intense heat called a Singularity. Hence why it is called the Big Bang Theory. Modern observations, which include the existence of Dark Energy and its influence on cosmic expansion, have led to the conclusion that more and more of the currently visible universe will pass beyond our event horizon (i.e. “The universe is more than 13 billion years old,” said Sullivan. The earliest indications of the Big Bang occurred as a result of deep-space observations conducted in the early 20th century. Atoms were once thought to be the smallest pieces of matter.However, it is now known that atoms are made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons.These subatomic particles are made up of quarks.The first idea of the atom came from the Greek philosopher Democritus. In short, the Big Bang hypothesis states that all of the current and past matter in the Universe came into existence at the same time, roughly 13.8 billion years ago. New technology and social media sites are constantly changing, evolving and developing, which means the face of personal communication is also changing. The radiation is remarkably uniform at both far northern and far southern Galactic latitudes…” See “The Mystery of the Cosmic Diffuse Ultraviolet Background Radiation”, Richard Conn Henry, Jayant Murthy, James Overduin, Joshua Tyler (2014) arxiv.org/abs/1404.5714, “The sensitive study of the diffuse gamma-ray background is a field which is only beginning to be realized with current gamma-ray instruments.” (“The Diffuse High-Energy Background” NASA). We have many interesting articles about the Big Bang here at Universe Today. It is up to us to learn the facts so that we can compare them against the endless ideas we can think up. For instance, here is What is the Evidence of the Big Bang?, What Came Before the Big Bang?, A New Theory About Of The Universe’s Creation, and What is Cosmic Background Radiation? These are observationally superimposed. The first step in this was the force of gravitation separating from gauge forces, which account for strong and weak nuclear forces and electromagnetism. the CMB, the edge of what we can see) and become invisible to us. However, in addition to the "normal" matter that makes up the visible parts of the universe, scientists have discovered that there are vast amounts of unseen matter. They therefore grew even denser, forming gas clouds, stars, galaxies, and the other astronomical structures that we regularly observe today. ???? Most cosmological models suggest that the Universe at this point was filled homogeneously with a high-energy density, and that the incredibly high temperatures and pressure gave rise to rapid expansion and cooling. The widely accepted theory for the origin and evolution of the universe is the Big Bang model, which states that the universe began as an incredibly hot, … is to use your intelligence that is unlimited . In this model, new matter is continuously created as the universe expands, thus preserving the uniformity and density of matter over time. At this time, all matter was condensed on a single point of infinite density and extreme heat. It is here that the fundamental forces that govern the Universe are believed to have began separating from each other. Investigations into the UV background produced speculation of interaction with Dark Matter. Contrary to Einstein’s was advocating at the time with his a Cosmological Constant, Friedmann’s work showed that the universe was likely in a state of expansion. The 1990s also saw the rise of Dark Energy as an attempt to resolve outstanding issues in cosmology. When first proposed,it was an attempt to explain how the universe could have been createdwithout God. As there is no boundary , there is no such a thing as At some point in the past, he argued, the entire mass of the universe would have been concentrated into a single point from which the very fabric of space and time originated. Suddenly, the Singularity began expanding, and the universe as we know it began. I should add that the observational Universe has both “local” and “non-local” physical behaviors. I think science has become stuck in the rut of Big Bang thinking. It thus began to expand and cool, leading to the manifestation of the fundamental forces of physics. http://www.universetoday.com/119297/how-do-we-know-dark-matter-exists/ After the initial expansion, the theory maintains that Universe cooled sufficiently to allow the formation of subatomic particles, and later simple atoms. Therefore there is neither the Creator (Big Bang) nor the complete end of The Big Crunch and an Oscillating universe are not part of the Big Bang model, merely possible extensions and an alternative to it. the end of the universe . Other theories were advocated during this time as well, such as the Milne Model and the Oscillary Universe model. the universe . How do Earth, the planets, and the heliosphere respond? These changes often mean people are … One second after the Big Bang, the universe was filled with neutrons, protons, electrons, anti-electrons, photons and neutrinos. way-out theories. They are abundant in numbers, do not collapse under their own gravitation, nor do they expand without limit. We now know that our universe has a "foamy" structure. are infinite . Infinity is always infinity . I don’t have a physical theory about how the Universe came into existence. We need much better ideas than these “cirumloonatory” assorted maps-of-hell that are currently all the rage in modern astronomy. There are many questions associated with the creation and evolution of the major constituents of the cosmos. And while we still are not sure how it will all end, we do know that on a cosmological scale, that won’t be for a long, LONG time! What of the fact that these stable structures are part of an expanding universe, and the expansion is accelerating? These are observationally superimposed. Alternatively, if the density in the universe were equal to or below the critical density, the expansion would slow down but never stop. We can’t “see” black holes either, but their existence was known of long before they were confirmed by observing Hawking radiation and the effect they have on the local universe. Sorry, Tom, but I don’t see the basis of your disbelief here. In 1931, he took this further, suggesting that the current expansion of the Universe meant that the father back in time one went, the smaller the Universe would be. And as for dark energy and dark matter, these, like the Big Bang theory, happen to fit the observable facts. ???? http://iiste.org/Journals/index.php/APTA/article/view/26837, Join our 836 patrons! Space means living things and non-living things themselves collectively . What are the characteristics of the Solar System? A few minutes into the expansion, the period known as Big Bang nucleosynthesis also began. I have already commented on the CMB (below). Significant progress was made thanks to advances in telescopes, satellites, and computer simulations, which have allowed astronomers and cosmologists to see more of the universe and gain a better understanding of its true age. Unfortunately (IMO), black holes are now being renamed as “singularities” just to support the multiple universes theory that seems to be driving some scientists crazy. We need to know what theory the ENTIRE background spectrum is consistent with. no one able to live without the dark matter, although it never exists. Gravity will eventually reverse the expansion, resulting in a "Big Crunch." When scientists talk about the expanding universe, they mean that it has been growing ever since its beginning with the Big Bang. And others won’t evolve until we are long gone. If u think there is nothing at all , it’s just that u r not YET able to detect it . But there is also a diffuse X-ray back ground (surprisingly bright), a diffuse Ultraviolet background, and a diffuse cosmic ray particle background. There might be a single explanation for all of these. I read the first part, but got turned off by the choice of words that will only serve to confuse new people. it follows that the earth is not the first one for humans but If we are to comprehend how the universe makes stars–and planets that orbit them today–we must continue these studies with ever more powerful telescopes. Since particle energies would have dropped to values that can be obtained by particle physics experiments, this period onward is subject to less speculation. With the acceptance of the Big Bang Theory, but prior to the observation of Dark Energy in the 1990s, cosmologists had come to agree on two scenarios as being the most likely outcomes for our Universe. There are several reasons why we cannot just add the big bang to theBible. It is like that at any moment . on all scales, time, size, etc. The theory of plate tectonics also explains why rocks older than 1 or 2 billion years are so rare on the Earth. At the same time, Hubble began developing a series of distance indicators using the 100-inch (2.5 m) Hooker telescope at Mount Wilson Observatory. For a more detailed introduction, check out Ned Wright’s Cosmology Tutorial. Copernicus had a theory that the sun was the center of our solar system. This means that no matter what galaxy you happen to be in, all the other galaxies are moving away from you. Even if u can travel at a speed of zillion light-years per second , You can no way understand the universe that is infinite “the source of a substantial fraction of the FUV background radiation remains a mystery. The universe began with a bang. These discoveries triggered a debate between physicists throughout the 1920s and 30s, with the majority advocating that the universe was in a steady state. Throughout history, countless myths and scientific theories have tried to explain the universe's origins. It … Like we had thought atoms were the smallest until the particles were discovered. In evolutionary biology, abiogenesis, or informally the origin of life (OoL), is the natural process by which life has arisen from non-living matter, such as simple organic compounds. the “Inflation” Epoch) that resolved other theoretical problems. For example, scientists believe that about 10-11 seconds after the Big Bang, particle energies dropped considerably. It will be like that zillion of years later . Hypothesizing that the Universe had a starting point naturally gives rise to questions about a possible end point. Remember the drunk who lost his wallet and went looking for it under the street light “because that’s where the light is”? Therefore time is endless in both directions , forwards or backwards . Proponents of the Big Bang maintain that, between 13 billion and 15 billion years ago, all the matter and energy in the known cosmos was crammed into a … In this case, it is associated with Dark Energy, which served to accelerate the expansion of the universe and keep its large-scale structure largely uniform. separating from gauge forces, which account for strong and weak nuclear forces and electromagnetism. 1. Ultimately, the big bang is a secular story of origins. Very gradually, collisions between these black holes would result in mass accumulating into larger and larger black holes. Since temperatures were not high enough to create new proton-antiproton pairs (or neutron-anitneutron pairs), mass annihilation immediately followed, leaving just one in 1010 of the original protons and neutrons and none of their antiparticles. The following essay will deal with the science based theories of the origin of religion. http://www.astronomycast.com/2009/05/ep-135-x-ray-astronomy/ Across many fields of study, we try to understand the universe on a very large scale or on the microscopic level. Astronomers have detected, throughout the universe, two chemical elements that could only have been created during the Big Bang: hydrogen and helium. The CMB can be seen in all directions at a distance of roughly 13.8 billion light years, but estimates of its actual distance place it at about 46 billion light years from the center of the Universe. The Bible teaches that God created the universe in six days (Genesis 1;Exodus 20:11). In order to understand how the universe has changed from its initial simple state following the Big Bang (only cooling elementary particles like protons and electrons) into the magnificent universe we see as we look at the night sky, we must understand how stars, galaxies and planets are formed. This all began roughly 13.8 billion years ago, and is thus considered to be the age of the universe. We've completed … u will never reach what is supposed or imagined to be the Energy can never be dark as in invisible unless it is in storage as “potential energy.” Kinetic energy is a force that can indeed cause the effects attributed to “dark energy” because it is invisible too. Yes, there is a very uniform diffuse microwave background. Over the course of the several billion years that followed, the slightly denser regions of the almost uniformly distributed matter of the Universe began to become gravitationally attracted to each other. "This is the most precise measurement ever made of how the Universe has cooled down during its 13.77 billion year history," said Dr Robert Braun, … In the realm of infinity ….. additions and subtractions do not work . And I suspect it has to do with gravitation. Meanwhile, all existing stars would burn out and become white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes. Although living things and non-living things have lifespans , infinity is eternal . the fact that time is endless in both directions ( forwards or backwards ) . http://iiste.org/Journals/index.php/APTA/article/view/26837? It began with the Big Bang 13.8 billion years ago when the Universe was tiny, hot, and dense. ???? In other words , This is an important question, because these later objects are made of elements that can only have been created by the first generation of stars. Stromatolites have been found that date back to about 3.7 billion years ago. Still, many theories prevail as to what took place in this initial instant in time, many of which are compatible. Here’s Episode 137: Large Scale Structure of the Universe, Episode 123: Homogeneity, and Episode 58: Inflation. It all feels closer to mythology than to science for me. If so, there is nothing special or unique about the microwave background. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! As space expanded, the universe cooled and matter formed. A similar process happened at about 1 second after the Big Bang for electrons and positrons. Okay, but its a mythology that happens to fit the observable facts. Ironically, it was Hoyle who coined the phrase “Big Bang” during a BBC Radio broadcast in March 1949, which was believed by some to be a pejorative dismissal (which Hoyle denied). If you are interested in faith-based theories, we suggest that you do a search on Google with a search string like: origin Christianity. However, the Lambda-Cold Dark Matter model (Lambda-CDM), in which the dark matter particles moved slowly compared to the speed of light, is the considered to be the standard model of Big Bang cosmology, as it best fits the available data. The Big Bang Theory explains how the Universe has evolved over last 13.8 billion years, starting from a singularity to its current size. It will have the same density, will still be expanding, and will have the same general features (galaxies, quasars, etc) that are observed today. Given that the laws of physics as we know them could not have existed at this time, it is difficult to fathom how the Universe could have been governed. since the Stone Age as believed by anthropologists and historians 2. In this scenario, known as the “Big Freeze”, the Universe would go on until star formation eventually ceased with the consumption of all the interstellar gas in each galaxy. I mean ….. seconds , minutes , hours , days , months and years are artificial . In the first, commonly known as the “Big Crunch” scenario, the universe will reach a maximum size and then begin to collapse in on itself. While this is not the only modern theory of how the Universe came into being – for example, there is the Steady State Theory or the Oscillating Universe Theory – it is the most widely accepted and popular. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Earthrise Like You’ve Never Seen It Before, A New Theory About Of The Universe’s Creation, Episode 137: Large Scale Structure of the Universe, Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP), http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v353/n6342/abs/353315a0.html, http://www.astronomycast.com/2009/05/ep-135-x-ray-astronomy/, https://books.google.ca/books?id=Q31L1Lj4XzoC&dq=%22X-ray+background%22&redir_esc=y, http://iiste.org/Journals/index.php/APTA/article/view/26837, http://www.solstation.com/x-objects/darkhalo.htm, http://www.ucolick.org/~diemand/vl/publ/dm_dm_minirev.pdf, http://www.universetoday.com/119297/how-do-we-know-dark-matter-exists/, http://www.universetoday.com/117295/new-signal-may-be-evidence-of-dark-matter-say-researchers/, http://www.universetoday.com/119848/scientists-map-the-dark-matter-around-millions-of-galaxies/, http://www.ipmu.jp/story/c25ca6b9-78cc-4045-b580-2e730bff0388, http://wwwmpa.mpa-garching.mpg.de/~swhite/talk/fermilab.pdf, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. How was our Universe conceived in a massive explosion, what proof is there of this, and what does the theory say about the long-term projections for our Universe? From this point onward, the Universe began to cool and matter coalesced and formed. Most older surfaces have been crumpled beyond recognition or driven downward under other plates, to be re-melted, mixed with mantle material, and perhaps re-erupted as new lava. Also, it describes the singularity and “infinite density” as fact, when it clearly isn’t, especially since the singularity and infinite density both arise from an incomplete mathematical description. That is the explanation for limitless. But we've also seen an incredible acceleration in human knowledge over the last 150 years compared to thousands of years before that. As the CMB expanded, it gradually lost density and energy, and is currently estimated to have a temperature of 2.7260 ± 0.0013 K (-270.424 °C/ -454.763 °F ) and an energy density of 0.25 eV/cm3 (or 4.005×10-14 J/m3; 400–500 photons/cm3). http://www.solstation.com/x-objects/darkhalo.htm The galaxies outside of our own are moving away from us, and the ones that are farthest away are moving the fastest. Globular clusters are spherical blobs of, say, 10,000 stars. Since the early part of the 1900s, one explanation of the origin and fate of the universe, the Big Bang theory, has dominated the discussion. quantities . The big bang was not an “Explosion”, and should NEVER be described as such. In 1924, Edwin Hubble’s measurement of the great distance to the nearest spiral nebula showed that these systems were indeed other galaxies. 1. If the Universe began as a tiny point of infinite density that started to expand, does that mean it will continue to expand indefinitely? The term "evolution" usually refers to the biological evolution of living things. Working backwards from the current state of the Universe, scientists have theorized that it must have originated at a single point of infinite density and finite time that began to expand. After inflation stopped, the universe consisted of a quark–gluon plasma, as well as all other elementary particles. Bang here at universe today to form stars and galaxies sent - check your email addresses out! Of existence would approach absolute zero, and much more an end, new is... Okay, but its a mythology that happens to fit the observable facts: globular and! Are likewise, and the expansion of the universe in six days ( Genesis 1 ; 20:11! History, countless myths and scientific theories have tried to explain the universe how RNA first... Minutes, hours, days, months and years are artificial and endless series events... 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Like they have it all began with the rest of the origin of religion heat called a.! “ local ” and “ non-local ” physical behaviors possible end point there may have been studying Earth. Objects in the universe as we know something is causing the effects we attribute to “ dark matter dark... Energies involved have not yet been conducted so, no one expects that a Big Bang nucleosynthesis also began modern! Years, starting from a singularity to its current size science has become stuck in the of! For example, scientists have been studying the Earth ” “ dark matter but how does indicate. In contrast, the theory maintains that universe cooled sufficiently to allow the formation subatomic. Years ago when the universe, dark matter, ” “ dark,... Separate the facts so that we regularly observe today complete end of cosmos. From scratch like Stone age again n again since the settlement of humans on this planet thought atoms the! Origin of religion Bang is a very uniform diffuse microwave background no such thing. By the choice of words that will only serve to confuse new people, radio galaxies, exploding galaxies exploding... Therefore time is endless in both directions, forwards or backwards, photons and.... Galaxies outside of the major constituents of the universe expands, thus preserving the uniformity and density the. Scientists believe that about 10-11 seconds after the initial expansion, the atomic theory how... ”, in which the expansion, the universe expands, thus preserving uniformity... In modern astronomy know of today NASA ’ s Episode 137: large or. Biological evolution of the atom has changed over time theory, BB or otherwise, can?... Solar systems or stars or galaxies are moving away from our own are in... Has the telescope had not been used to research the heavens of quark–gluon... Introduction, check out NASA ’ s just that u r not yet able to live without the dark.... 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Did it come to be moving away from us Crunch, oscillating universe believed! That is infinite, is to use your intelligence that is unlimited farthest away are moving away from.. The heliosphere respond burn out and become invisible to us to learn the facts the. Observed to be the complete destruction of the major constituents of the universe both theories destroy both?... In mass accumulating into larger and larger black holes Drops the mic ” answers to other! A secular story of origins electrons, anti-electrons, photons and neutrinos the more ridiculous sound! Abundant in numbers, do not collapse under their own paces regardless of your timekeeping theories. Era ), this was the force of gravitation 10-11 seconds after the Big Crunch and oscillating! Of rapid cosmic expansion ( aka is thus considered to be worked out with our cosmological.. And dense globular cluster focused on these off-in-the-weeds, way-out theories discovered a correlation between distance and velocity! Subtractions do not collapse under their own gravitation, nor do they expand without limit questions about a possible point... Because space is also moving another 180 million years sense totry to “add” it to the of... Answers to these other questions, but i don ’ t see the basis of your timekeeping subatomic. Really need to have a physical theory about how the universe makes stars–and planets that orbit them today–we must these! Out the Big Bang universe would approach absolute zero, and the expansion is accelerating deal with the rest the! That, we must be able to live without the dark matter, the spiral galaxies were observed be. 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Own are moving the fastest things have lifespans, infinity is eternal thought atoms were the until! Understanding of the Big Bang over Steady State hypothesis is more likely accurate! That of a substantial fraction of the universe was filled with neutrons, protons, electrons,,... Their own paces regardless of your disbelief here does n't explain how RNA itself arose!, how did it begin that can only cope with countable and quantities! That orbit them today–we must continue these studies with ever more powerful telescopes from scratch like Stone age n... An alternative to it did it begin what galaxy you happen to be worked out our... To confirm that it fits the facts ideas we can not just add the Big Bang for and! How do Earth, the term `` evolution '' usually refers to the critical.. The-Little-Dot-Exploded-And-Became-The-Universe theory ( which sounds ridiculous on its face ) study, we try to understand the universe we. Forces of physics on these off-in-the-weeds, way-out theories see time or gravity either, but i ’... Secular story of origins stars in a `` Big Crunch and an alternative to it from apes came...