Females are pregnant 21-23 days before giving birth to 1-7 (usually 3-5) young. They utilize surface and subsurface tunnels as well as nests above and below the ground. h�bbd```b``����A$�L��Dr:�H���9�t��`]��t��w0�9؄�`,�6���>$�D��*�&@�7G���"��ԟs ���Z��n6���qؒ����0 ��� Nests are made in side chambers off the main underground tunnels. The American Midland Naturalist. Status in Tennessee: Southern Bog Lemmings are Deemed in Need of Management by both TWRA and Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation. Southern bog lemmings are found in eastern North America, from southern Quebec and Manitoba in Canada to western Minnesota, to southwestern Kansas, and east to the Atlantic Coast of the United States. Southern Bog Lemming Synaptomys cooperi. Tail: 0.5 - 1.3 inches Diet:  Primarily eats vegetation such as stems, leaves, grasses, sedges, and seeds; however, fungi and invertebrates are occasionally consumed. This lemming is associated with bog, fen, marsh and wet meadow conditions throughout its range (Whitaker and Hamilton 1998). RANGE: The Southern Bog Lemming occurs from Quebec, west to southeastern Manitoba, south to southwestern Kansas, east through northern Arkansas and Kentucky, south to western North Carolina and Virginia and western Maryland to the Atlantic coastal plain … Breeding information: They breed primarily in the spring and fall, but can breed any time of year. Home Range of Bog Lemming. 1995. The grassy openings and edges of these forests, especially where sedges, ferns, and shrubs grow and when the soil is loose and crumbly, are habitats the bog lemming prefers. Distribution. 192 0 obj <>/Encrypt 164 0 R/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<84DBC92D07A8DE43B58B08B9810AEE11>]/Index[163 69]/Info 162 0 R/Length 124/Prev 322646/Root 165 0 R/Size 232/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream The breeding season lasts from May through late August, and litter size ranges from two to eight young, and females may have two to three litters in a breeding season. The Southern Bog Lemming is the only lemming which occurs in Tennessee, and it is found state-wide. Summary 1. It is also known to eat small fruits. The long, coarse fur is brownish above mixed with gray, black, and yellow, and the underside is gray to silver. The southern bog lemming (Synaptomys cooperi) is a small North American lemming. Brownish gray. Length: 3.8 - 6.0 inches Southern Bog Lemming Synaptomys cooperi. �TJÓg� �>� ����w,�rj��-�;$��Ir�L��BW(�#J�� Birds | Butterflies | Mammals Garden Shop Pictures. Ecology. occasional in open lowland bogs with sphagnum, sedges, … endstream endobj 164 0 obj <>>>/Filter/Standard/Length 128/O(�&��ws#ͥ�����TA���VEp`\r~�X�6)/P -1340/R 4/StmF/StdCF/StrF/StdCF/U(^�R�At�E::� �f )/V 4>> endobj 165 0 obj <>/Metadata 12 0 R/Pages 161 0 R/StructTreeRoot 28 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 166 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 161 0 R/Resources<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 167 0 obj <>stream Northern bog lemmings (Synaptomys borealis) occur across North America from Labrador to southern Alaska.They are uncommon in northwestern and eastern Canada. They have a large head, short legs and a short tail which is lighter underneath. Lemmings are legendary for their population fluctuations leading to alterations in their predator-prey relationships. The northern bog lemming is rarely trapped and is one They have round thick bodies covered with grey-brown fur with silver grey underparts. Ear: 0.3 - 0.6 inches It is active both summer and winter, and in areas of dense overhead cover is frequently active during the day. The Southern Bog Lemming is the only lemming which occurs in Tennessee, and it is found state-wide. It is believed they are being pushed out of their Connecticut habitats by meadow voles. Habitat. Average longevity for this mammal is less than one year. Southern bog lemmings can live over two years in captivity, but rarely live more than one year in the wild (Kurta 1995). 163 0 obj <> endobj Their lifespan is 29 months. They eat green vegetation such as grasses and sedges. The northern bog lemming is one of Maine’s rarest mammals, and much like the Canada lynx, it is more numerous in the north and reaches the southern edge of its range here in Maine. Range. Females can raise several litters a year and can be both nursing and pregnant. Ears short, nearly concealed. The fur on the back ranges in color from a … The northern bog lemming has been listed as state-threatened since 1986, however, it … hillsides in eastern British Columbia (Anderson 1932). The home range of the Southern Bog Lemming is limited. Despite its extensive distribution, the northern bog lemming is unpredictable in occurrence and nowhere is it considered common (Banfield 1974). •Woodland Vole has a reddish-brown fur coat. Description. Diet: This species diet consists of plants, leaves, stems, and seeds. The southern bog lemming (Synaptomys cooperi) is a small North American lemming. 135: 14-22. This species has not been found in great numbers anywhere, with the exception of moderate … However, the norther bon g lemming is nearly identica to thle more common southern bog lemming (S. cooperi), and their ranges overlap. 1960. Its range overlaps with the other species in genus Synaptomys, the northern bog lemming, in southeastern Canada but extends further south. 1996. Range and Habitat: The southern bog lemming is resident of a large part of eastern North America, and its range extends from southeastern Manitoba to southwestern Kansas, east to the Atlantic. Large greenish fecal droppings and copious cuttings of grass stems are a good sign of the presence of this small mammal. Range. �Сv�7���09q��s�HE�H6SA�6C About Me The Southern Bog Lemming (Synaptomys cooperi)The Southern Bog Lemming is an endangered species of lemming closely related to the already extinct Northern Bog Lemming and the Kansas Bog Lemming. ��wXo�% ��~/�M�׽3[��4�c=k��'˳��r���p\eЉq��;�����Y���Y���/oz�d+��؋� �xf���g��:-X�Z'i�^,E���~'�jZ4��r�X}j&����(| i��2�p�"�d�4K�=�z��8^_��|�9����vrj!��6c�b��Nƾ�8��r�B��� What is Being Done. In the conterminous United States, it is found near the Canadian border in Washington, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, Minnesota, New Hampshire, and Maine. They have been listed as a species of Special Concern in Connecticut as their population seems to be low. %PDF-1.6 %���� Three specimens of bog lemmings have been recorded in New Hampshire in the past 100 years in the White Mountains region (Preble 1899, Clough and Albright 1987, Yamasaki, unpublished data). They are uncommon in the state. •**Southern Bog Lemming can often not be separated from similar species without detailed analysis of dental formulas and possibly an expert. Why Endangered. Krupa, J.J. and K.E.   •Southern Bog Lemmings are colonial and can number from a few up to 20 or 30 individuals. Southern Flying Squirrel. Its range overlaps with the other species in genus Synaptomys, the northern bog lemming, in southeastern Canada but … Southern bog lemmings are small voles, weighing 20 to 50 g (average 35 g) and measuring 110 to 140 mm in total length. In Minnesota, it wa… The mnemonics refer to the species names: Sc, southern bog lemming, Synaptomys cooperi; SI, southeastern shrew, Sorex These animals live in wet forested and open areas. •** Southern Bog Lemming can often not be separated from similar species without detailed analysis of dental formulas and possibly an expert. The Southern Bog Lemming, Synaptomys cooperi is a small North American lemming.Its range overlaps with the other species in genus Synaptomys, the Northern Bog Lemming, in southeastern Canada but extends further south.. Best places to see in Tennessee: Low areas of wet fields or swamps. Northern New Hampshire represents the southernmost edge of the range of bog lemmings in Ge­o­graphic Range South­ern bog lem­mings are found in east­ern North Amer­ica, from south­ern Que­bec and Man­i­toba in Canada to west­ern Min­nesota, to south­west­ern Kansas, and east to the At­lantic coast of the United States. Habitat:  Prefers low areas of moist, grassy fields, meadows, or swamps with thick vegetation; also occurs less frequently in bogs and damp woods. Remains of this species have been recovered from Wisconinan sites as far south as central Nevada, Kansas, northern Arkansas and northern Tennessee. 1. Summary 2. The Southern bog lemming eats plants, seeds, stems, and leaves. Distribution: Southern Bog Lemmings are found throughout Ohio, but records are lacking for a number of counties. It is active both summer and winter, and in areas of dense overhead cover is frequently active during the day. 231 0 obj <>stream •They excrete bright green fecal pellets due to the large amount of green vegetation consumed. 1973, Linzey 1981). This species is more common in deciduous and … Description: Mouse-like. Underground burrow systems may be up to one foot deep. Habitat: The Southern Bog Lemming's habitat ranges from wet grasslands, forests, to grassy wetlands. American Society of Mammalogists. Shallow groove near outer edge of upper gnawing tooth. Southern Bog Lemming – LL Master. ���Fƙ� F�dw��z�; b�iĉ\��nRݚD���y���&�ִ���/,T 4�9�кH�Xפ�f�b.��x��<6q2�M���x�v���Q�4�⾥U�87C��t��6U��dt���(k��q�M����M�g�8)CƬ�V;�^�"&�RY ����Q!�Z��Mt��ߺixܔ��(M�}Q�S��3�1�[G{G�@rW������nco К^��.Ò �{���z���H�M��=�w�:D���mI�:{�cg:��=��fʺ �t:�ޢT��p ]�^�VJ��gKW����� 41:404. Getz, L.L. There is an isolated population south of the St. Lawrence River in the … Links. Fun Facts:  Description:  A small, thick-bodied mammal with a large head, short snout, short legs, and a very short tail about equal to the hind foot length. Invasion of the meadow vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus) in southeastern Kentucky and its possible impact on the southern bog lemming (Synaptomys cooperi). Southern Bog Lemmings range through a north central to northeastern section of the continental US and through a small section of southeastern Canada. Range and Habitat Southern bog lemmings are found in eastern North America, from southern Quebec and Manitoba in Canada to western Minnesota, to southwestern Kansas, and east to the Atlantic coast of the United States. Geographic Range. endstream endobj startxref ��i���b�i���K(UyY�y{�7#oJ(-�d@V�륞�g]M"?�w��-,�. Its range overlaps with the other species in genus Synaptomys, the northern bog lemming, in southeastern Canada but … Weight: 0.5 - 2.0 ounces. Distinguishing between northern and southern species can only be confirmed by examining their dental and skull characteristics. This species is more common in deciduous and mixed coniferous–deciduous forests. Haskins. Kurta, A. They have small eyes and the ears are mostly concealed in the fur. They use runways, like voles, and make underground tunnels for nesting, feeding, resting, and food storage. Habitat: Feeds on berries and vegetation. They are gregarious and the home range is normally less than 1/2 acre. Range and Habitat The northern bog lemming is widely distributed across northern North America, ranging from Alaska to Labrador and south to Washington and Maine. The northern bog lemming ranges across much of boreal North America from the southern two-thirds of Alaska south into northern Washington and east across Canada to the Atlantic coast. Southern Bog Lemming Synaptomys cooperi. They live in grasslands, moist areas, deciduous and coniferous forests, wetlands, and marshes. Southern bog lemmings ( S. cooperi) also inhabit a wide variety of habitats, all of which are marginal for Microtus; bog lemmings may be competitively excluded from better quality habitats by Microtus (Doutt et al. 0 Habits : The home range of the southern bog lemming is limited. The lemming is a good source of food for snakes, hawks, owls, shrews, weasels, foxes, coyotes, and bobcats. Results of pitfall trapping on seventeen 0.25 ha grids with southern bog lemmings, set in and near the Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge in Suffolk, Virginia (Rose, 1983). This lemming is associated with bog, fen, marsh and wet meadow conditions throughout its range (Whitaker and Hamilton 1998). It also inhabits wetter and drier sites when … •Meadow Vole is larger and has a much longer tail. Summary 1. Habitat: Prefers low areas of moist, grassy fields, meadows, or swamps with thick vegetation; also occurs less frequently in bogs and damp woods. %%EOF Total Length: 4.5” (the tail measures about 0.75”) Description: This brown species is similar to the voles in Ohio, but only the velvety furred Woodland Vole has such a short tail. It's burrow holes are typically 6-12 inches deep and its home range varies from 1/4 of an acre. However, it will use a variety of open habitats, including dry grassy During the Late Pleistocene, Synaptomys borealis occupied much of the central and eastern U.S. south of the Laurentide ice sheets, which is much further south than its current range. Once found as far south as Kansas, northern bog lemmings have Lemmings are legendary for their population fluctuations leading to alterations in their predator-prey relationships. In contradiction to the common name “bog lemming”, Synaptomys cooperi found in the Great Lakes region occupy mostly grassy meadows. They are small, cylindrical rodents with large heads and short ears, legs, and tails. BOG LEMMINGS IN EASTERN VIRGINIA 157 TABLE 1. Large greenish fecal droppings and copious cuttings of grass stems are a good sign of the presence of this small mammal. Synaptomys is a genus of North American lemmings. The southern bog lemming (Synaptomys cooperi) is a small North American lemming. 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